Personas: Starting a marketing conversationOctober 17, 2017
We do it every day. We begin a conversation with a friend, colleague or family member with some basic understanding. Who is this person? What does she value? What are his perspectives on the topic under discussion?
When we are talking with a group of people, we begin much the same way but we often generalize the answers. We think about why the group is together and what they might expect from us. We know they include some men and some women and that they might not all agree with us.
Essentially, we think about the personas of people.
Strategic marketing begins with the development of audience personas. Being thoughtful about who comprises our audience is a good reflection of our recognition that we are frequently not the audience for the goods or services we are marketing. Be it donor cultivation, wastewater treatment technologies, a South Beach vacation or a association membership, our marketing strategy begins by understanding who are the most likely buyers. We ask questions that help us appreciate what they value and what are their values, what challenges them and what drives them up that proverbial wall. And, yes, we look for ways to interject messages regarding our product or service in their day.
Creating these working audience personas is a simple process but one that has to be engaged to get the best results.
- Begin by documenting what is known about the audience. Where do they work? What job responsibilities do they have? How or where do they use our product or service? These and other hypotheses are a starting point.
- Then reach out and ask representatives of the audience. Likely, there are several profiles that reflect the relevant segments within the larger audience population. Representatives of each segment should be interviewed to understand their lives, values, attitudes and habits.
- Each working persona is probably a composite of several interviewed audience members. By including a picture of a representative of the segment, the persona comes to life.
- The finalized persona becomes part of the day-to-day world of the entire marketing team. Questions such as “how would she react to a creative concept” or “where would he expect to see this announcement” keep the audience in the room and top-of-mind.